Ad Hominem

Ad Hominem

 

An expression meaning “against the man”. A tactic used in debate when someone attacks the CHARACTER of the person before attacking the CLAIM the person is making. Of course, a person’s character or actions shouldn’t have any effect on the facts of an argument but, it’s an amazingly way to make people wonder or to confuse the issue. “She dressed like a whore so, she must be a whore, so she’s probably lying about being raped."

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Ad Hominem tu quoque

Ad Hominem tu quoque

 

A tactic used in debate based on the Latin phrase “you too” where you make the person you’re arguing against look bad by exposing them for doing the same thing you’re accused of. "You think I do that? Well, remember this? You do it too."

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Anti-Semitism

Anti-Semitism

 

The belief or behavior that Jewish people are bad or lesser than simply because they are Jewish. Anti-Semitism may take the form of religious teachings proclaiming the inferiority of the Jewish people, political efforts to isolate them from their neighbors, direct oppression, injury or simply prejudiced or stereotyped views of the the people as a whole. 

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Aristocracy

Aristocracy

 

The highest class in certain societies, especially those holding hereditary titles or offices. Can be a form of Government that places power in the hands of a small, privileged ruling class or an individual and, when used to rule, can be seen in direct contrast with a democracy...

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Authoritarian Regime

Authoritarian Regime

 

Is characterized by a highly concentrated and centralized power maintained by political repression and the exclusion of challengers. It uses political parties and mass organizations to mobilize people around the goals of the regime and the balance of the power rests deeply on lies, fears and economic prosperity...

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Burden of Proof

Burden of Proof

 

A legal term meaning “the job of proving what you say to be true.” 

*Shifting the Burden of Proof is when the person making the statement shifts the job of proving the fact from themselves to their opponent. Statements like “it’s commonly known…” or “a lot of people say…” means YOU have to prove or disprove that it ISN'T rather than MY having to prove it is...

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Cap & Trade

Cap & Trade

 

“Cap & Trade” is a government organized plan to control the amount of pollution that goes into the environment by providing economic incentives. The “cap” sets the limit on what can be pumped into the environment (which is supposed to be lowered year by year) and the “Trade” creates a marketplace to help companies innovate in order and meet their cap level. The less companies put into the environment, the less they have to pay, so it’s in their economic best interest to stop polluting. ( Also called: Emissions Trading)

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Census

Census

 

The United States Census is when the population of the United States of America is counted every 10 years by the Census Bureau. The count is based on the number of people living in residential structures and includes citizens, non-citizen legal residents, non-citizen long term visitors AND illegal immigrants. The next census will be in 2020...

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Consequences of Disbelief

Consequences of Disbelief

 

The argument that a conclusion is true or false because the person WANTS the conclusion to be true or false. Ex. 98% of world scientists believe climate change is real but the consequences of disbelief make the Republicans in US Senate vote it’s not because it's in their best interest to believe it's not.

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Conservative

Conservative

 

A person who believes in the value of established and traditional practices in politics and society. A term created in 1936 that originally meant someone who was against the New Deal and the new government services and regulations that came along with it. 

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Dictatorship

Dictatorship

 

Is a type of authoritarianism in which a country is ruled by one person (or political entity) that regulates nearly every aspect of the public and private behavior of normal people. Dictators, like totalitarian governments, generally employ political propaganda to decrease the influence of any alternate governing systems...

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Draconian

Draconian

 

When laws are excessively harsh or severe. Deriving from Draco, an Athenian law scribe under who small offenses had exceptionally heavy punishments.

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Earmarked

Earmarked

 

Politically, this term is used to designate something (usually funds or resources) for a particular purpose. Usually it refers to any element of a spending bill that puts aside money for a very specific thing - a given project, location or institution. Earmarking is a legislative (typically congressional) provision that directs approved funds to be spent on specific projects.

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Gerrymandering

Gerrymandering

 

Gerrymandering is the process of dividing up and redrawing state districts to give one political party an advantage. With gerrymandering one party could acquire the most votes in the state but, because the way the voters are grouped into their districts, the opposing party can end up with more seats in congress...

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Hawkish

Hawkish

 

A term for a person who favors military force or action in order to carry out foreign policy. Someone whose first choice is usually aggression. The opposite of dovish.

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Neo-Liberal

Neo-Liberal

 

A neo-liberal is a modified form of liberalism that believes personal liberty is maximized by limited government interference in the operation of the free-market. 

The original economic liberalism stems from 18th Century economist Adam Smith who advocated for the government to stop interfering in economic matters. No restrictions on manufacturing, no barriers to commerce, no taxes to hold the market back. The ideas were “liberal” in that they had no controls. Free market, free competition, free for capitalists to make huge profits...

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